Petroleum engineering master of science degree is a program that prepares students to apply scientific and mathematical and principles to the design, development and operational evaluation of systems for locating, extracting, processing and refining natural gas and crude petroleum.
Petroleum Engineering Education and Training
To become a petroleum, there are some rigorous academic requirements. It is important to have an undergraduate degree in an earth science like geology or geophysics. However, an undergraduate degree in engineering is also acceptable in order to be considered for the petroleum engineering master degree. Petroleum engineering uses prospecting instruments and equipment, mining and drilling, processing and refining, storage transportation systems and facilities, and related environmental and safety systems.
Petroleum engineering classes in the program may include: Energy resources engineering, oil and gas engineering management, mining and technology courses. Your petroleum engineering master of science degree is usually a two year course. You should have a Bachelor Degree as an engineer, but you can have an undergraduate degree in other fields, as long as they are related.
Some courses you might take include, Geology, Geophysics, Formation Evaluation, Hydrocarbon Phase Behavior, and Petroleum Production Technology. You also may need credits in courses like Advanced Drilling Practices, and Numerical Reservoir Simulation.
Petroleum Engineering Careers
A petroleum engineer works with things that are concerned with hydrocarbon production. This may be in the form of natural gas or crude oil. The natural gas and oil industry have two main divisions, exploration and downstream. Downstream concerns refinement and distribution. They work in exploration, getting the most out of current resources, and a petroleum engineering master degree is beneficial. Many people decide to relocate to take training and job placements. This is due to the nature of the work. States that have the jobs in oil production, like Oklahoma, and Texas, are the most attractive areas to relocate to.
A petroleum engineer has various choices of jobs to consider, and the first selection is Reservoir Engineer. A Reservoir Engineer works to increase gas or oil production by the use of wells. The engineer may also work with enhanced oil recovery methods. You might decide to become a Drilling Engineer. If you are in this field of work, you will be managing the technical aspects of oil or gas drilling.
This includes exploratory, injection, and production wells. A mud engineer is also known as a Drilling Fluid Engineer, and works with drilling rigs. The drilling fluid is known as mud, and the engineer must be sure that this fluid maintains its properties for proper operation. A degree in Geology may be a good idea for this kind of job.
Another option you may consider is Production Engineer. Production and subsurface engineers work to manage the relation between a well and its reservoir. This also includes down hole flow control and sand control. You also may need to manage and control surface equipment that separates specific fluids like oil and water.
Estimated Income and Projected Job Outlook
The Petroleum Engineer or PE is one of the highest paid engineer jobs. Some engineer jobs pay as much as $166,000 per year. However, the low end of the pay scale is $58,000. Yet the good news is that the median wage for this career is in excess of six figures, at about $108,000 a year.
These figures are from the United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. Job growth for this occupation is expected to be average at about eleven percent. A Petroleum Engineering Masters Degree can be a very good way to find employment in the future. It is advised to keep up with one’s education, as jobs may depend on knowledge of the most up to date technology.
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